What To See In Dali Museum Of Figueres

Salvador Dali, a Spanish artist born in Catalonia in 1904, was a renowned Surrealist painter, printmaker, performer, and filmmaker. 

His imaginative and subconscious paintings made him one of the most versatile artists of the 20th century. 

He played a significant role in the Surrealist movement, creating numerous hallucinatory artworks since 1929. 

Dali’s experimental approach to art earned him a reputation as a bold and unconventional artist. 

The Dali Museum in Figueres, Barcelona, houses 64 of his masterpieces, showcasing his artistic brilliance. 

This article will discuss the top 10 must-see artworks at the Dali Museum in Figueres.

Dali Jewelry

Dali Jewelry
Image: Salvador-dali.org

At the Dali Museum in Figueres, there’s a fascinating collection of 37 surreal jewelry pieces designed by Dali. 

This collection, created in collaboration with American millionaire Cummins Catherwood, blurs the line between jewelry and sculpture. 

Some pieces, like the Royal Heart, have ingenious mechanical movements, such as a beating heart or opening and closing flower petals. 

While some mechanical devices may no longer work, videos are available to demonstrate their original functions.

The Madrid Students’ Residence Experience

During his stay at the Madrid Students’ Residence in 1922, Dalí forged significant friendships with notable figures like Federico García Lorca, Luis Buñuel, and Pepín Bello. 

This period greatly influenced both his personal life and artistic style. 

His paintings from this time often depicted scenes of Madrid nightlife, influenced by the works of painter Rafael Barradas. 

However, amidst this influence, Dalí also created artworks that nostalgically captured everyday life in his hometown of Figueres, brimming with emotions and sensations. 

The paintings portrayed various scenes, including lovers on a bench, a woman hanging clothes, the crowing of a cock, and more, all centered around Dalí himself as the focal point.

Daring Self-Portrait with “L’Humanité”

In 1923, Dalí created a striking self-portrait titled “Self-Portrait with ‘L’Humanité.”” 

In this piece, he depicted himself as a worker, aiming to convey a rebellious and provocative attitude. 

L’Humanité suggests his admiration for the idea of revolution and places him within a specific historical and ideological context. 

The influence of Rafael Barradas is evident in the geometric structures and the schematic definition of traits. 

Dalí’s self-portraits during this period often highlighted his distinctive features: bold eyebrows, intense eyes, and prominent sideburns.

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Vibrant Depiction of The Figueres Fair

Dalí’s painting “The Figueres Fair,” created in 1922, captures the vibrant atmosphere of the fairs held in Figueres during the festival of the Holy Cross. 

The artwork bursts with chromatic richness, depicting scenes typical of fair days: a bullfighter returning to the square, a footballer in his coat, circus characters, and more. 

Dalí’s attention to detail even includes a character from a neighboring country in the lower right corner. 

The descriptions in his diary evoke the illuminated and lively ambiance of the fair days, which are beautifully reflected in his painting.

The Wind Palace Room

The Wind Palace room showcases a large ceiling painting called “Central Panel of the Wind Palace,” created by Salvador Dalí between 1969 and 1973. 

Inspired by Joan Maragall’s poem “L’Empordà,” which mentions the Empordà region and the Tramuntana wind, Dalí’s artwork offers his unique interpretation of the wind’s essence.

Leda Atomica

“Leda Atomica” is a painting completed by Salvador Dali in 1949, portraying the mythological queen of Sparta, Leda, alongside a swan. 

Surrounding the central figure are various objects like a book, a set square, and egg floating in a surreal composition. 

Dalí meticulously structured the painting based on the “divine proportion,” creating a visually striking and logically organized artwork.

The Bathers of Es Llaner

In 1923, “The Bathers of Es Llaner” reflects Salvador Dalí’s early exploration of artistic styles. 

Despite being only 19 years old then, Dalí was already well-versed in painting, influenced by emerging aesthetic forms like Cubism. 

This painting showcases his evolving style and demonstrates his ability to adapt to new artistic trends.

The Girl from Figueres

Painted in 1926, “The Girl from Figueres” was featured in Dalí’s second solo exhibition at the Dalmau Galleries in Barcelona. 

Inspired by his visit to Picasso’s studio in Paris, Dalí blends realism with imagined elements, creating a captivating yet unsettling portrayal of a feminine figure. 

Including an advertisement for the Ford Motor Company adds to the painting’s intriguing narrative.

Mae West Room

Mae West Room
Image: Facebook.com(Pakocampo)

Another intriguing museum feature is the Mae West Room, a 3D living room installation with specially designed furniture. 

When viewed from a certain angle, the room looks like Mae West’s face, complete with a sculpture of blond hair. 

Dali admired West and was inspired by her famous quote, “To err is human — but it feels divine.” 

The room includes a sofa resembling West’s iconic red lips, which was also influenced by Antoni Gaudi’s unique architectural style.

The Debut of Goosebumps

In 1928, “Inaugural Gooseflesh” marked the beginning of Salvador Dalí’s significant artistic output in the 1930s. 

This painting was presented to André Breton and the surrealist group, showcasing elements reminiscent of Tanguy’s style.

The elements include the construction of space and the soft, floating shapes in the artwork. 

Dalí aimed to imbue indefinite concepts with a numerical value, influenced by his exposure to strict artistic principles learned from magazines like L’Esprit Nouveau.

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Image: Facebook.com(Thedalimuseum)

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