The best museums in Czech Republic you should visit 

The Czech Republic is home to a rich cultural heritage and history, which is well represented by the abundance of museums found across the country. 

With over 600 museums, galleries and heritage sites, it can be overwhelming to decide which ones to visit. 

However, the museums of the Czech Republic offer something for all interests – art, history, science, music and more. 

Here is an overview of why museums are so popular in the Czech Republic, the best cities to visit to see museums and some of the most popular museums.

Top museum in the Czech Republic

  • Illusion Art Museum
  • Museum of Senses

Why are museums popular in Czech?

Museums have long been an important part of Czech culture. 

As early as the late 18th century, aristocrats and royal families were collecting art and creating private museums.

 When Czechoslovakia gained independence after World War I, there was an emphasis placed on preserving and celebrating Czech culture and heritage. 

This resulted in investment in public museums and galleries across the country.

After World War II and the Communist era, museums continued to thrive as spaces where history and culture could be preserved.

After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, museums had more freedom to diversify their collections and provide more balanced representations of Czech history and culture. 

Today, museums remain highly popular attractions due to:

  • Czechs value their cultural heritage and see museums as essential institutions for preservation and education.
  • Museums allow locals and visitors alike to learn about Czech art, history, science and more. They play an essential role in community education.
  • Prague and Czech museums attract millions of visitors each year who come to see renowned collections and sites. Museums boost tourism significantly.
  • Czech museums often provide interactive exhibits, workshops, events and kid-friendly displays that make them dynamic places to visit.

Best cities for museum hopping in Czech

The Czech Republic boasts dozens of cities and towns with museums worth exploring. 

Here are some of the best cities for museum tourism:


As the capital and most popular destination, Prague is home to world-class museums. 

From the National Museum’s historical displays to galleries like the Veletržní Palác filled with modern art, Prague’s array of museum options is hard to beat.


Known as a center of Moravian culture, Brno has many historical, artistic and scientific museums. 

The Moravian Museum is a must-see with exhibits on archaeology, history and ethnography.


This small city is brimming with cultural heritage. 

Top museums include the Archdiocesan and it’s rotating exhibits in the impressive Olomouc Castle.


Famous for its brewing heritage, Plzeň also has some top museums like the West Bohemian Museum and the Patton Memorial Pilsen.

The museums offer an educational look at the liberation of Plzeň in 1945.

Český Krumlov

Situated in a stunning medieval town, Český Krumlov’s museums reflect the importance of art, history and music in the region. 

Don’t miss the Egon Schiele Art Centrum when touring this city. 

Kutná Hora

 Just outside Prague lies this town with a fascinating silver mining history and a collection of the best museums in Cezch. 

The local Czech Museum of Silver looks at the town’s precious metal past.


This small village has an entire UNESCO-recognized heritage reserve with well-preserved folk architecture. 

The Open-Air Museum provides insight into traditional rural life.

Most popular museums in Czech Republic

With hundreds of museums to choose from, it can be hard to narrow down the options. 

Here are some of the most popular and worthwhile museums to visit in the Czech Republic:

National Museum (Prague)

Housed in a prominent building on Wenceslas Square, this is the Czech Republic’s most important historical museum.

You can find exhibits spanning natural history to arts and music. 

Don’t miss the Pantheon with memorials to notable Czechs.

Museum Kampa (Prague)

This modern art gallery on an island in the Vltava River has an impressive collection, including many František Kupka works.

Memorial to the Victims of Communism (Prague) 

Located at the base of Petřín Hill, this memorial and museum documents the oppressive Communist era in a chilling way.

Mucha Museum (Prague)

 Dedicated to the famed Czech Art Nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha, with a collection of paintings, drawings, photographs and personal objects.

National Technical Museum (Prague)

The country’s largest institution focuses on the history of technology and industrial development with interactive exhibits.

Moravian Museum (Brno)

Documents the ethnography, archaeology, history and art of the Moravia region through vast permanent and temporary exhibits.

Museum of Romani Culture (Brno)

This is an excellent museum in Czech dedicated to the culture, history and lives of the Roma people of the Czech Republic.

Olomouc Museum of Art

Housed in Olomouc’s Archbishop’s Palace, this gallery has an extensive collection of European art from the 14th century onwards.

Patton Memorial (Plzeň)

The Patton Memorial Museum is known for its chronicles of the liberation of Plzeň in 1945 by American troops under General Patton through photographs and relics.

Reasons for the Czech Republic’s Museum Success

From interactive science displays to collections of priceless art, the museums of the Czech Republic have a lot to offer visitors. 

But why is museum culture so vibrant and successful here? 

Here are some reasons that make the Czech Republic famous:

  • Museums receive regular funding from national, regional and local governments, allowing them to maintain excellent facilities.
  • Organizations like the Czech Association of Museums and Galleries facilitate collaboration between museums.
  • Historic museum buildings and displays are constantly being improved through renovation projects.
  • Czech museums often use modern interactive and digital techniques to create an engaging experience.
  • Museum programs cater to all ages and learning styles with workshops, lectures, tours and activity books.
  • Czech museums host international traveling exhibitions that draw huge crowds eager for the blockbuster experience.
  • Czech museums contain treasures and rarities that can’t be seen elsewhere, from Bohemian glassware to Alfons Mucha paintings.
  • A new generation of skilled curators transforms older museums into vibrant, visitor-focused institutions.
  • Prague’s popularity as a European city-break destination translates into growing numbers of museum-goers and revenue.

Featured Image: En.wikipedia.org

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